This infographic displays some important differences between moral responsibility in the strong and weak sense, and what a lack of free will means for both sides. It suggests where some of the “no free will” and “free will” positions sit in regards to people having the weak and/or strong sense. If you like it, please share it around and link back to this page.
One key factor of importance and one of the reasons I made this infographic was to draw a distinction between these two that compatibilists often tend to blur. They often mention that people can still be morally responsible without displaying the sense they are referring, and when they do display the sense they are referring and it aligns with the weak sense, they almost never mention that people lack the stronger sense. This is problematic in many ways.
For some “Frankfurt-type” compatibilists they sometimes even suggest that someone could be responsible in the strong sense even if they couldn’t have done otherwise (they reject the Principle of Alternate Possibilities – PAP). The hard incompatibilist (free will skeptic) such as myself would, at that point, have a different battle than a mere semantic one, or revealing a concealed point. They actually have an opposing disagreement similar to what they would have with the Libertarian who thought indeterminism granted “strong sense” moral responsibility.
It’s also important to note that the common intuitions of the layperson (majority of people) is that people are morally responsible not merely in the weak sense, but in the strong sense as well. This often leads to retributive actions and policies, larger inequalities that are justified with the notion that some are more or less deserving than others, harmful feelings of anger, guilt, and shame, and other problematic psychologies that cause a whole lot of harms in the world.
Also check out “ROUND 3” which talks about “responsibility” for the Free Will Compatibilism vs. Skepticism – SHOWDOWN as well as this post on the ambiguity of the word “Responsibility”.
If you don’t know why we don’t have the free will that grants “moral” responsibility in the strong sense, check out Breaking the Free Will Illusion for the Betterment of Humankind.
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